Under the Cartagena Convention the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) was created and it has been internationally recognized as the most comprehensive treaty of its kind. It was adopted in Kingston, Jamaica, by the member governments of the Caribbean Environment Programme on 18 January 1990. The SPAW Protocol utilizes an ecosystem approach to conservation when it entered into force on 18 June 2000. Belize ratified the Protocol in 2010. The Protocol acts as a vehicle to assist with regional implementation of the broader and more demanding global Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).