The objective of the MCCAP project is to implement priority ecosystem-based marine conservation and climate adaptation measures to strengthen the climate resilience of the Belize Barrier Reef System. This will be achieved by implementing activities and subprojects in the following four components:
- Component 1: Improving the protection regime of marine and coastal ecosystems;
- Component 2: Promotion of viable alternative livelihoods for affected users of the reef;
- Component 3: Raising awareness and building local capacity; and
- Component 4: Project Management, monitoring and assessment
- Marine protected areas (MPA) coverage increased to 20.2% and areas declared as marine replenishment zones (RZ) increased to at least 3.1% of the Belize’s territorial sea as identified in the NPASP, by the third year of the project;
- Coastal zone managed effectively through implementation of Coastal Zone Management Plan, measured by coastline under protection and no net loss of mangroves;
- Project beneficiaries who have adopted alternative livelihoods and reduced dependency on traditional fishing for household income (at least 2,500 people), of which 30% are women; and
- Change of attitude and/or behavior of 75% of targeted beneficiaries.
The MCCAP is designed as a marine conservation and climate adaptation project. The project is broken down into four components, each having a different approach in terms of implementation. All project activities will be overseen by the Project Implementing Agency Group (PIAG).
Under Component 1 of the project, support will be given to initiatives implemented by the Fisheries Department, the Coastal Zone Management Authority and Institute, and co-management NGOs. Consultants will be contracted as needed.
Under Component 2, support will be given to alternative livelihood (sub-projects) initiatives designed and planned by stakeholders and community groups with the assistance of the PIAG and the Fisheries Department. The PIAG will design, plan and implement preparatory and training activities, with the support of the Fisheries Department. The MCCAP will only finance sub-projects that support viable and sustainable alternative livelihoods for affected users of the reef in the areas impacted by project activities. Consultants will be contracted as needed to undertake business planning and skills training.
The activities under Component 3 aim to raise awareness, build local capacity, and disseminate project information. Consultants will be contracted as needed to undertake the activities, primarily those pertaining to the KAP surveys and BCC campaigns.
The activities under Component 4, will support the Project Implementing Agency Group (PIAG) to undertake (a) Project management and implementation support including technical, administrative and fiduciary management, and socio-environmental aspects including compliance with environmental and social safeguards, and (b) monitoring and evaluation, data collection, and coordination.
The PIAG will collaborate directly with the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, the Environment and Sustainable Development (MAFFESD), and will work closely with the Fisheries Department, Coastal Zone Management Authority and Institute, and the Forest Department.
The Protected Areas Conservation Trust (PACT) is a statutory body that was established by the Government of Belize (GOB) in 1995 with the passage of the Protected Areas Conservation Trust Act, after several years of consultation and meetings with various non-government organizations, government departments, private sector and international conservation organizations. Having been formally endorsed through the USAID’s project in Belize on developing a National Protected Areas System Plan (NARMAP 1995), PACT opened its doors in June of 1996.
PACT is designed to contribute to the sustainable management and development of Belize’s natural and cultural heritage by providing effective funding support to protected areas. The national environmental trust fund is managed by a Board of Directors appointed by the Minister of Forestry, Fisheries, and Sustainable Development. The head office of PACT is located in the capital city of Belmopan.
PACT provides funds for supporting conservation and promoting environmentally sound management of Belize’s natural and cultural resources to foster sustainable development. PACT is a bold and innovative strategy for non-traditional revenue generation. PACT is primarily financed from the collection of a conservation fee of BZ $7.50 (US $3.75) paid by visitors to Belize upon their departure from the country and a 20% commission from cruise ship passenger fees. At least 5% of all revenues are deposited into an endowment fund. PACT also receives donations from individuals, foundations, and corporations.
The World Bank will act as the multilateral implementing entity (MIE) and will bear the full responsibility for the overall management of the Project financed by the Adaptation Fund, and will bear all financial, monitoring, and reporting responsibilities to the Adaptation Fund Board.
A Project Steering Committee (PSC) drawn from a cross section of stakeholders in the marine and coastal resources management field with particular reference to the priority areas identified will be established. This committee will provide oversight of the project via the PIAG. The PSC will be chaired by the Chief Executive Officer of the MAFFESD. Fisheries Department and PACT would be ex-officio members of the PSC. The general organizational structure for the project is outlined below (Figure 1).
The MFFSD will establish a PSC to provide oversight and technical guidance for the implementation of the MCCAP. The PSC will be chaired by the Chief Executive Officer of the MAFFESD. Members of the PSC will be nominated by their respective ministries and/or organizations and appointed by the MFFSD. Members are appointed for the entire duration of the MCCAP. The PSC comprises the following members:
- CEO in the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, the Environment and Sustainable Development (Chair)
- CEO in the Ministry of Economic Development
- Financial Secretary in the Ministry of Finance
- CEO of the Coastal Zone Management Authority & Institute
- CEO in the Ministry of Natural Resources
- CEO in the Ministry of Labor, Local Government, Rural Development and National Emergency Management
- CEO in the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation
- Fisheries Administrator an ex-officio observer
- Executive Director of PACT an ex-officio observer
- The PIAG PC as the recording secretary and ex-officio observer
The TAC will provide general technical guidance for project implementation, including with regards to screening and evaluation of technical aspects of sub-project proposals. The TAC is comprised of the following members:
- Fisheries Administrator, Fisheries Department (Chair);
- Chief Forest Officer, Forest Department;
- Chief Environmental Officer, Department of the Environment;
- Coordinator, National Climate Change Office;
- Economist, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development;
- Director, National Protected Areas System Secretariat;
- Representative, Protected Areas Conservation Trust;
- Director, Coastal Management Authority and Institute;
- Representative, Turneffe Atoll Marine Reserve management agency;
- Executive Director, Sarteneja Alliance for Conservation and Development;
- Representative, Belize Federation of Fishers;
- Representative, Belize Fishermen’s Cooperative Association; and
- Commissioner of Lands, Lands and Survey Department
- The PIAG PC an ex-officio observer
- The PIAG STO as the recording secretary and ex-officio observer
The TAC will be chaired by the Fisheries Administrator and empowered to invite other technical advisors as needed. TAC will meet once every two months and will convene special meetings to address particular Project issues that may arise. During those meetings, the TAC will focus on actionable items related to Project implementation.
To manage MCCAP, the MAFFESD will establish a separate Project Implementing Agency Group (PIAG) that is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the project and reporting to the PSC. Day to day activities will be coordinated and maintained with the Fisheries Department.
The PIAG will be housed at the Fisheries Department/CZMA office building in Belize City, and will be headed by a Project Coordinator (PC) assisted by two other staff. The PIAG is responsible for all aspects of the day-to-day management of the project, including planning, budgeting, technical coordination, implementation supervision, monitoring and evaluation (M&E), and ensuring compliance with WB safeguards and regulations of Belize. The PACT retains procurement and the financial management of MCCAP as well as for project monitoring and reporting responsibilities to the World Bank. Implementation of MCCAP by PACT is carried out under the oversight and guidance of the PSC. The organizational structure of the Project Implementing Agency Group is shown at Figure 1 below.
The PIAG will be headed by a Project Coordinator (PC) who is supported by a staff of two persons – the Senior Technical Officer and the Administrative Assistant. Project accounting, financial management and procurement functions will be carried out by the PACT Finance Department. Additionally, the PIAG may, if needed, draw on other PACT staff resources to address specific needs in areas such as grants management and/or the hiring of consultants for specific assignments.
 The PACT Finance Department comprises the following personnel: Finance Director, Accountant, and two Accounts Clerks.
The Project Coordinator (PC) oversees the implementation of MCCAP and is responsible for the development and implementation of the project work plan and budget and also in managing project resources and support staff. He/she implements the policies, regulations, and procedures approved by the PSC for the project and outlined in the Operational Manual. He/she also liaises with the PACT Executive Director on project oversight matters, with the PACT Finance Director on financial and fiduciary management matters, with the Fisheries Administrator for technical matters, and the Department of the Environment (DOE; MAFFESD) for technical advice on environmental assessment and management, as well as with other MCCAP implementation partners. The PC reports to and provides regular reports to the PSC on all aspects of project activities.
The Senior Technical Officer (STO) will monitor and provide technical guidance to approved projects pertaining to the three components of the project. Additionally, the STO will oversee and provide technical guidance to the grants application and approval process for alternative livelihood projects, with the assistance of the PACT Grants Program Staff, which comprises the following personnel: Grants Director, Senior Grants Officer, two Grants Officers, and a Grants Program Clerk. The STO will also supervise safeguards aspects of all subproject activities.
1.10. Administrative Assistant
An Administrative Assistant (AA) will provide administrative and office support to the project staff. The AA will also create and operate a database of information generated through the project and all administrative activities related to the project. The Government of Belize will employ an officer to fill the position. S/he will be supervised by and will report to the Project Coordinator. The duty station of the AA will be the Fisheries Department.
All PIAG staff will be hired on a contractual basis and have the status of consultants under contracts of duration of two years extendable, subject to a satisfactory performance review. All hiring of PIAG staff undertaken is in accordance with PACT and WB procurement rules for consultants. All contract and personnel management and procedures for PIAG staff follow the prevailing rules and regulations for PACT staff.